Why We Pay Attention to Christmas

I want to briefly spell out why we at Solihull Presbyterian Church pay attention to Christmas, and have done every year since the church’s inception. There are three main reasons. 

Firstly, we give focussed attention to the doctrine of the incarnation. It is one of two doctrines I believe evangelical and reformed Christians understand poorly in our day. (The other is the Trinity.) It is a stupendous idea that the eternal Son of God, God the Son, should be united to human “flesh” (nature) in one person, “two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation” (Definition of Chalcedon, A.D.451). It is a mystery which is hard for us to grasp, to be sure, but it is a doctrine for which the church has suffered because it is so important to the faith and to our salvation. So to give 4-8 sermons (out of over 150 teaching occasions in our church) each year, as we have, to such an important doctrine seems pretty important to me. 

Secondly, it helps Christians think about the right things when all around is madness. Yes, we live in a culture in the UK now which has turned the season into a commercial whirlwind, now habitually kicked off by “Black Friday” (why??) at the end of November. Add to that the constant advertising, the sentimentality of “love and family”, the weird liturgy of Christmas pop tunes wheeled out every year all conspiring to create a pseudo-atmosphere of “the Christmas spirit”, with a bit of Nativity sprinkled on top. Pastorally, as a church, what are we to do? Ignore it and plough on? That scenario makes me think of a school teacher who hasn’t noticed or doesn’t care that a bird has come in to the classroom through an open window and every student is distracted. Surely ploughing on is foolishness. Pastorally we need to address the matter in hand and teach our people about the incarnation, and do it well. Our ministry of the word must equip our people for living in the world they encounter day by day. 

Thirdly, it is an opportunity for evangelism. More than any other time of the year, this is a time when people are open to the idea of coming to church. That’s certainly our experience. Sure, they might come only because they like the idea of singing carols at this time of year. Christians do as well because they want to offer worship to God. Our neighbours may not have that desire and their motives fall far short of the desire for worship. But having arrived at a service, they are willing to listen to the gospel preached. They may not have heard it before; they may never hear it again. But the opportunity must not be missed. When our Master returns we do not want him to find that we have hidden what he has given us when it could have been used for him. 

There are some people who raise objections to Christians paying attention to Christmas, and I understand the disquiet some people feel. But I believe it to be unfounded. There are two objections I want to consider.

First, that “Christmas has its roots in a pagan festival.” It is true that the Romans celebrated Saturnalia from 17th to 23rd of December in the Julian calendar where offerings were made to Saturn and there was feasting, partying, gambling and all sorts of merrymaking. It is also true that the church started marking the nativity on the 25th of December some time in the 4th century, not because this was determined to be the date of Christ’s birth, but particularly because it helped Christians live an alternative lifestyle – in the world, not of it, concerned about God’s purposes in salvation, not in the world’s excesses. So it is false to say Christmas has its “roots” in a pagan festival. It has its roots in Scripture, and the desire to live a countercultural life in a pagan world. One could make the same argument today. 

The second objection is that “The Westminster Directory of Publick Worship rules it out.” To quote a line in the appendix to the DPW: “Festival days, vulgarly called Holy-days, having no warrant in the word of God, are not to be continued.” Seems like a killer blow to Christmas! I could duck this one and say that my denomination, the EPCEW, does not consider the DPW one of its subordinate standards, so I could ignore it. But that would be unfair. We should honour the divines of the past and listen carefully to what they say. However, we need to understand their context and think about our own. What were the Westminster divines against in this line? The excesses of the Roman Catholic Church. The church sanctioned many festival days through the year. These came to rival if not surpass the Lord’s Day in importance. They took people away from work for periods of time and encouraged Christians to indulge in excesses reminiscent of the pagan fastivals. The Westminster divines rightly stood against these things. And so do we. But in the Christmas period today, indulging in “festival days” is not the same as remembering the incarnation or even in having a worship service on Dec 25th (certainly not in SPC!). We are teaching and pastorally guiding believers, worshipping God with thankfulness for his gift and evangelising the lost. This Great Commission activity trumps any misapplication of a DPW prohibition.  

The doctrine of the incarnation is too good to miss! We should take the opportunity to meditate on its wonderful truth, take a stand against the world by marching to the tune of the gospel, and reach out to our neighbours with the good news of Jesus Christ.

Have a happy Christmas! 

Why We Pay Attention to Christmas

He Loved Us Even When He Hated Us

A couple of weeks ago in our mid-week Bible study we were wrestling with Jesus’ instruction in Mt 5:44 “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” It needed to be said because of a misunderstanding and misapplication of Lev. 19:18 which includes the words, “you shall love your neighbour as yourself”. Reading the rest of that verse, and looking at it with squinty eyes, you can make it say, as the Pharisees and scribes did (wrongly), “love your neighbour and hate your enemies” (Mt 5:43).

Well and good: love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you. Go to it!

But what about verses like Psalm 139:21,22:

21 Do I not hate those who hate you, O LORD?
And do I not loathe those who rise up against you?
22 I hate them with complete hatred;
I count them my enemies.

Was David just wrong? Did he need to be corrected? Is this simply down to the fact that this is an Old Testament verse and we are New Testament Christians (i.e. we can safely ignore David)?

The answer is none of these. Our problem with these verses is a problem with us – a very modern problem. We think of love and hate as opposites and mutually exclusive. That is, one cannot both love and hate someone at the same time.

Really? Think of this example: a mother who is at her wits end because her teenage son has become an out of control nightmare to the family, to his school, and commits crimes against society. She hates what he has become. She even believes he needs to bear the due consequences under the law of his crimes. She hates what he has become – she hates him as he is. Yet she loves him with an undying mother’s love and wishes something much better for him.

This expresses something of how a Christian is to love his/her enemies. We may hate our enemies in the sense that we hate their lives, what they have become, what priorities they set for themselves, what really drives them. Yet we love them, because we want something better for them – we want them to know fellowship with God, which can only come through Jesus Christ. Therefore, we do them good, we serve them, we seek to share our lives and the gospel with them, we pray for them and their salvation.

If you think this is an odd thing to say, consider this: God both loved and hated at the same time.  A quotation from Augustine:

God’s love is incomprehensible and unchangeable. For it was not after we were reconciled to him through the blood of his Son that he began to love us. Rather, he has loved us before the world was created, that we also might be his sons along with his only-begotten Son—before we became anything at all.

The fact that we were reconciled through Christ’s death must not be understood as if his Son reconciled us to him that he might now begin to love those whom he had hated. Rather, we have already been reconciled to him who loves us, with whom we were enemies on account of sin. The apostle will testify whether I am speaking the truth: ‘God shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners Christ died for us’ [Rom. 5:8]. Therefore, he loved us even when we practiced enmity toward him and committed wickedness.

Thus in a marvelous and divine way he loved us even when he hated us. For he hated us for what we were that he had not made; yet because our wickedness had not entirely consumed his handiwork, he knew how, at the same time, to hate in each one of us what we had made, and to love what he had made.

Augustine on John’s Gospel, quoted in Calvin’s Institutes II.xvi.4 (emphasis mine)

Love and hate are complicated things! We live in a cultural moment where love and hate are considered mutually exclusive: #lovewins, ‘love not hate’ etc. The concepts are truncated and superficial in our society. Society will not benefit from those. We must not imbibe such thinking. Instead Christians need to plumb the depths of rich biblical teaching and understand the mind of God. In that way Christian society (should I say, fellowship?) will be richer, and the world will benefit from our presence as we love it and tell of his grace in Christ.

He Loved Us Even When He Hated Us

The Riches of God’s Word

The insignificance of the amount of gold, silver, and clothing which that people took away with it from Egypt, in comparison with the wealth that it later attained in Jerusalem, as shown particularly in the reign of Solomon, is the measure of the insignificance of all knowledge, I mean useful knowledge, that is collected from pagan books, when compared with the knowledge contained in the divine scriptures. For what a person learns independently of scripture is condemned there if it is harmful, but found there if it is useful. And when one has found there all the useful knowledge that can be learnt anywhere else, one will also find there, in much greater abundance, things which are learnt nowhere else at all, but solely in the remarkable sublimity and the remarkable humility of the scriptures.

On Christian Teaching, Augustine, last para of Book 2.

Augustine recognised that there is a lot of good to gained from knowledge from the writings of the ‘pagans’. This is of course rooted in the doctrine of God’s creation and his common grace. So Christians should learn what they can. Of course there is a lot of nonsense out there and stuff that is downright evil, but with discernment there is much to be gained.

However, Christians need to have the right perspective, and seeing clearly is one of our problems. If we see the Scripture as another ‘subject’, a kind of add-on to all that other knowledge, then we have the wrong perspective. We have not got the right prescription for our knowledge glasses.

Augustine helps us get the right perspective by using an analogy drawn from the biblical story. He notes that when the Israelites finally left Egypt, they were able to take with them much gold, silver and fine cloth that belonged to the Egyptians – things of this world but which furnished them with the materials necessary for making the Tabernacle. But it was nothing compared to the splendour of the kingdom under Solomon, by the grace of God.

It is just an analogy, but it helps us vividly see that whatever we gain from the world’s knowledge, it is small compared to the benefit to be obtained from knowing and plumbing the depths of God’s word. For many of us, that is hard to see. We don’t have this perspective. That’s why we need writers like Augustine, godly friends and faithful preachers, who can help us get the perspective we need so that we can see more and more clearly the riches found in scripture.

The Riches of God’s Word

Call to Me

Call to me and I will answer you, and will tell you great and hidden things that you have not known.
— Jeremiah 33:3

I have very much enjoyed reading Andrew Bonar’s Diary and Life over the last few weeks. Some friends gave it to me when I was about 20 years old and I remember devouring it then (well, as best as a slow-reading scientist could). It had a big effect on me – one of those books that shapes you. I even remember starting a diary, just like Bonar. Maybe even the style was like Bonar. What fools we can be when we are young!

But I was clearly too young to appreciate many things he wrote about. It is hard for a 20 year old, who hasn’t experienced very much of anything, to appreciate the trials of various phases of life, the longings of the heart, the frustrations with one’s own limitations, the jolting tragedies of lost loved ones. So my reading of the book again, some 35 years later, with over 30 years of marriage under my belt, and a few years of ministry, it was like reading a new book.

It struck me with great power, Bonar’s sense of loss at the death of his wife in his mid-50s. It seemed he did not share his suffering with many people. He wrote about Isabella with great tenderness in the diary. In the first few years afterwards he constantly reflected on her departing. Everything else seemed to recede into the background.

However what emerged in his later years, it seems to me, is a more real, deeper trust in the Lord. His longing for heaven and for Christ grew stronger. He sought to devote more time to prayer and meditation. It was a tough discipline in the face of many distractions as a city minister, but he constantly wrote about it.

One of the verses that Bonar came back to again and again in latter years was the one quoted above from Jeremiah. It comes after the tough disciplines of Jeremiah 32 (Jeremiah has been imprisoned), but after the promise of future blessings and the everlasting covenant promise “they shall be my people, and I will be their God” (Jer 32:38).

It seems to me it is a command for the New Covenant time, as well as for Jeremiah. Bonar thought so. In light of his great creative power, “call to me”  is a is a command yet a warm invitation from the LORD to pray. Such an invitation is all over the Bible, yet it seems to be one of the most difficult ones for Christians to heed. We rest on our own native abilities to fix things in life and in the church, even when they don’t seem to get fixed (“but surely I can make things better this time!”). Yet all the time God says, “call to me”.

The promise is wonderful: “I will answer you”. Yes, we know it is according to his will, in his own time, etc etc. But he will answer. Is that not what we want to know? That God will speak to us and has spoken to us? Yes, his means is through the written word. But there is reading the Bible and there is reading the Bible. There is hearing the word preached and there is hearing the word preached. One is words on the page or words in the air. The other is God by his Spirit showing us Christ and laying out before us his plans and purposes.

“I will tell you great and hidden things that you have not known.” Whatever we think we have known of the the Lord, there is more to be found, the hidden things. We mustn’t be satisfied with a superficial reading or merely attending church. Rather, we need to be on our knees, heeding the warm invitation to “call to me” eagerly desiring everything the Lord has for us.

Call to Me


The author of Hebrews 5:11-14 warns his readers and hearers about them being “dull of hearing”. Not that their physical auditory apparatus is not working, but spiritually speaking they are hearing but not understanding (cf. Mark 4:12). In my experience it is a problem one sees in the preaching ministry, that those listening do not seem to pick up the thrust of what is being preached. There may be a problem with the preacher, and that is a concern I always have, but there is this other problem of the “dullness” of the hearer.

The greek word for “dull” is also translated in the ESV as “sluggish” in Hebrews 6:12 (or lazy in the NIV, slothful in the AV).  This rendering fills out the meaning of this problem of dullness of hearing. It got me thinking about the “sluggard” verses of Proverbs. Examination of those shows some of the problems that arise, especially as it applies to the problem of hearing and applying God’s word amongst professing church members.

Sluggards are dreamers who don’t do anything

Proverbs 13:4 – The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing, while the soul of the diligent is richly supplied.

I have met some people like this in my time. They are full of great ideas and big dreams, whether for serving the Lord in their family or church or career. But they never seem to  get round to doing anything about it.  They can’t keep focus long enough to be disciplined and diligent.

Sluggards always face problems of their own making

Proverbs 15:9 – The way of a sluggard is like a hedge of thorns, but the path of the upright is a level highway.

Some people seem to face a continual sequence of difficulties which could be avoided if they weren’t so lazy. For a sluggard so many matters in life become problems and can always fill you in on a personal tale of woe.

Sluggards are filled with fears and worries.

Proverbs 22:13 – The sluggard says, “There is a lion outside! I shall be killed in the streets!”

Sluggards are inside, safe and secure in their inactivity. Such people fear that the worst could happen to them if they stepped outside. So they don’t take the risk.

Sluggards don’t see things through to the end.

26:15 – The sluggard buries his hand in the dish; it wears him out to bring it back to his mouth.

I remember as a young Christian laughing at this the first time I read it. It is such a pathetic image of weariness in doing ordinary things. But some people are like this with the Christian life. The means of grace to believers are ordinary. But sluggards can’t be bothered fully participating.

Sluggards wonder what’s wrong with everyone else.

26:16 – The sluggard is wiser in his own eyes than seven men who can answer sensibly.

The lazy people cannot see just how dull of hearing and sluggish they are but instead think they are incredibly wise and clever. The effect of dullness is to cocoon such people in little self-made world of self-wisdom where “I” becomes everything.  They have an answer for every weakness, every failure, every stupid act, every lazy non-act. To the sluggard it all seems so reasonable. The trouble is that all everyone else can see is foolishness.



Prayer in the Life of the Church

I am reposting a quote I gave out a few years ago now, but remains as relevant today as then. In Eric J Alexander’s Prayer: A Biblical Perspective (Banner of Truth, 2012) he gives  testimony to the value and power of corporate prayer in the life of the church. Enjoy:
I came to faith in a church in Glasgow where the minister, Dr William Fitch, taught us regularly from Scripture the central place of prayer in the life of the church. The church prayer meeting was held on Saturday evening.The evidence that someone had been converted to Christ in the congregation was that they would walk into the prayer meeting on a Saturday evening. That meeting became the power house, under God, for a remarkable work of grace in that church.The only reason a believer would be absent from it would be that they were either ill or away from home. Very properly, people called it the ‘prayer fellowship’, for that was where we experienced true Christian fellowship and mutual support at the deepest level.
– p.74


Prayer in the Life of the Church

Notes on ‘Method’

I have really enjoyed reading Iain H. Murray’s book, Wesley and Men Who Followed. There is much that could be said, but just a word on ‘methodism’. Today we associate the word with an ecclesiastical structure and tradition – certainly one that has drifted far from its evangelical roots. But in its original form, at its heart was a method for the Christian life, and for Christian ministers. Writing of Thomas Collins, Murray writes:

“Far from regulating his devotional life by impulse or mood, Collins was a typical Methodist in his determination to ‘live by method’ not he impulse of the moment.”

— (p.190)

It’s a word for today! So what was his ‘method’? Here is Thomas Collins’ pattern as a minister of the gospel while in Durham (my summary):

  • 5.45am Get up
  • to 6:30am Private devotions
  • to 8:00 Reading his chosen divines (Murray suggests John Owen and Thomas Goodwin we his current sources at the time)
  • to 9:00 Breakfast and family worship
  • To 10:00 Greek or Hebrew Study – alternate day by day
  • To 12:00 Sermon preparation and writing
  • To 1:00 Read scripture and pray
  • To 2:00 Lunch
  • Afternoon – visiting with the people in town or country

One cannot but be struck by the structure and how spiritual benefits accrue over time with such discipline. I am struck by the balance.

  • Time is given to personal devotions apart from study. There is a temptation I certainly feel to make my study and sermon prep devotional. Some people I know find that that works fine, but my own experience is that the devotional life can become somewhat mechanical.
  • Time is given to language study. I am impressed by this. I always struggle with the temptation to think it is not as important as other things. It often gets squeezed out.
  • A surprisingly short time is given to sermon writing. This amounts to 12 hours a week. I certainly spend much more than that. Sometimes I need 12 hours for one sermon! But perhaps the discipline in the other areas makes this task quicker.
  • Bible reading is separated from devotions and a significant chunk of time is given to it. I have always believed that our minds need to be shaped by the regular reading of scripture and that we need read great chunks to get the broad sweep of it, as well as devotionally meditate on smaller passages. But this is longer than I currently give to this task.
  • a large amount of time is spent visiting with people. It is not specified what kind of visiting this is, but I am increasingly of the opinion that these old saints saw all the homes in the neighbourhood as their responsibility and visited them, even though they may not have been members of their churches. It was undoubtedly evangelistic. I wonder if that is something we have lost in our day – a sense of call to the locality and the boldness that comes with knowing God has sent us.

Of course if anyone reading this has thoughts on ‘method’, let me know! I would be glad to learn more.

Notes on ‘Method’

Hindrances to Revival

I have always been sceptical of movements that seek revival in the church. I know some of the history of it. I have even met some people who experienced the Lewis revival of 1949-52. They were impressive people who were blessed by God in the remaining years of their lives. But I have been around long enough to see lots of bad ideas surrounding revival – that it can be organised through big meetings, that it is about “manifestations of the Spirit”, and so on.

It is my settled conviction that what the church needs most today is the regular, faithful, ordinary use of the means of grace (preaching the word, engaging in fervent prayer, making good use of the sacraments). If we ministers and our people were focussed on these things, the church would be  so much the better for it.

However, perhaps I have been too eager to dismiss the idea of revival. Recently I picked a book off my shelf and started reading it. I think I must have bought it second-hand more than 25 years ago and has remained on my shelves eagerly awaiting its turn. It is W. B. Sprague’s Lectures on Revivals. It was published in the United States in 1832 and introduced to Britain by, amongst others, John Angell James who preached in Carrs Lane, Birmingham.

I have been challenged by it. The Bible speaks of God reviving his work and his people:

The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. – Psalm 19:7

When the humble see it they will be glad; you who seek God, let your hearts revive. – Psalm 69:32

You who have made me see many troubles and calamities will revive me again; from the depths of the earth you will bring me up again. – Psalm 71:20

Will you not revive us again, that your people may rejoice in you? – Psalm 85:6

I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite. – Isaiah 57:15

O LORD, I have heard the report of you, and your work, O LORD, do I fear. In the midst of the years revive it; in the midst of the years make it known; in wrath remember mercy. – Hab 3:2

God does revive, and note the objects of that reviving work: the soul, hearts, me, us, the spirit, the Lord’s work. The Lord does the reviving; it is done as we are contrite before him; he can do it through his word; it is to be prayed for.

In Lecture III, Sprague lists obstacles to revival. This particularly stirred me up and I want to list them here. (The summary after each one is basically my thoughts on his thoughts!)

Ignorance or misapprehension of the nature of true revivals.

Some people are simply put off by the excesses that sometimes accompany true revival, where passions are unleashed which are hard to control and sometimes result in sin. Some other people are put off because their temperament is such that any expressions of feeling make them uncomfortable. I suspect this feeling is very common in our modern reformed/conservative evangelical church in the UK which is largely middle class and well educated. As a result, and without an understanding that God does move in wonderful ways at times, thoughts of revival are suppressed.

A spirit of worldliness amongst professed Christians.

This rather speaks for itself. Worldliness is not so much about behaviour as it is about what “floats your boat”. What really animates you? What gets you up in the morning? What grabs your heart? For many of us who are Christians, we are less motivated by the glory of God than we are about something else we are involved in.

The want of a proper sense of personal responsibility among professed Christians.

It is true that we are not ultimately responsible for what only God can do. And yet, in God’s grace, he engages us as his people to play a part. That is why the church is described as a body, each member playing its part, actively engaged in fulfilling their immediate purpose as part of that great purpose that God is working out.

I know too many people who don’t seem to play a very active part in the ministry they have been given. They don’t have their hearts in worship, they don’t pray and cry out to God, the are lazy about finding ways to serve and love others. They don’t have a sense of responsibility before God. They are happy with irresponsible apathy.

The toleration of gross offences in the church.

That is, the church and its leaders are unwilling to act when sin is present in the church’s life. Now it is not that the church is or will be perfect. It is just that when gross sins appear (which is bad enough) the church doesn’t do anything about it (even worse).  Churches and Christians need to take holiness seriously.

The absence of a spirit of brotherly love among professed followers of Christ.

We want it to be said of Christians, “Look how they love one another!” Yet often this is not present in the life of the church. People come late and leave early on Sundays. They never see other Christians from one Sunday to the next because there is no desire to be involved with each other’s lives. That lack of love and relationship within the church can be one of the greatest hindrances revival as a loveless spirit has a deadening effect on the church.

An erroneous or defective exhibition of Christian truth.

This final reason comes down to people like me – minsters of the word of God. To fail to teach a congregation the whole counsel of God. To have hobby horse subjects you regularly go back to. To miss out difficult doctrines or passages. To teach good doctrine in a bad and unbalanced way that distorts the glory of God, of Jesus Christ and his word. To ’embellish’ the teaching with stories, studied eloquence, clever quotations which display one’s education. All this hinders the reviving work of God.


We need regular faithful ministry using the ordinary means God gives us. And yet how we also need an outpouring from heaven that animates his people and his work! Let’s examine the list above, apply it to our hearts, and may God grant that he revive our souls for his name’s sake.

Hindrances to Revival

Objections to Christianity

Anyone who has been involved in seeking to reach people with the gospel of Jesus Christ soon discover that objections to Christianity fall into a small number of categories.

A few weeks ago we at Solihull Pres took four of those objections and organised a series of short seminars in Acocks Green. They were recorded and we have put them up on our church website. The recordings consist of a talk for 20-25 minutes followed by 20mins of Q&A.

I have gathered them together here. Enjoy!

You can’t take the Bible literally – Chris Statter

There’s more than one way to God – Stephen Dancer

How can I believe when there’s so much suffering – Chris Statter

Science disproves God – Stephen Dancer

Objections to Christianity

Selling Christ

There are two interesting places in Scripture where the price of thirty pieces of silver are mentioned. The one everyone knows is that of Judas’ betrayal of Jesus in Matt. 26:14,15. The other, however, is in Zech. 11:12,13 where Zechariah asks for his wages as a prophet. (There is another reference in Ex 21:34 which sets the value of a slave.)

It is worth pondering the connection between these two verses because it is not a simple “this is that” correspondence. Klaas Schilder writes on these passages and comes to a remarkable and challenging concluding application, applicable to every Christian but perhaps especially to preachers:

What can be more moving than to put Zechariah’s declaration next to the narrative of Matthew? Reading Matthew alone, I am disposed to say: What a giant in sin that man Judas was! Compared with him I am a dwarf, a Lilliputian, te Deum … But when I hear Zechariah say that it is very natural for all unfaithful sheep to dismiss the Shepherd of Israel for thirty pieces, Judas becomes as small as I. And at second thought I become as great as he in transgression. Lord, as often as I do not believe, I dispatch the Good Shepherd, I grow to Judas’ size, I attain the stature of the scribes in sin. O God, be merciful to me, a sinner! Reading Matthew alone, I think of Judas as I ponder Lord’s Day 31 (the keys of the kingdom) of the Heidelberg Catechism. Reading Zechariah also, I think of myself, of the incriminating power of the Word, of the ultimatum of God’s shepherding.
Christ in His Suffering:Through the Garden Scene, K Schilder, p.79

Selling Christ